Special Reports

Immigration facts and figures

30% of immigrants in the United States are illegal.

44% of illegal immigrants in 2008 were estimated to have entered the U.S. in 2000 or later.

61% of illegal immigrants are between the ages of 25 and 44 (working age).

73% of children of illegal immigrants are U.S. citizens by birth.

47% of illegal immigrants between the ages of 25-64 have less than a high school education; by contrast, only 8% of U.S.-born residents in that age group have not graduated from high school.

6.8% of students enrolled in grades K-12 in U.S. schools are children of illegal immigrants. In California, Arizona, Colorado, Nevada and Texas, at least 10% of K-12 students are the children of illegal immigrants.

35% of illegal immigrants are homeowners.

11% of people living below the poverty line in the U.S. are illegal immigrants.

$11,900 is the median income for illegal immigrants. By contrast, the median income for U.S.-born residents is $23,300.


States with the largest illegal immigrant population:

California: 2.6 million Texas: 1.45 million Florida: 1.05 million New York: 925,000 New Jersey: 550,000

In 2008, there were 6.3 million men, 4.1 million women and 1.5 million children who were illegal immigrants.

In California, nine of every 10 illegal immigrants are from Latin America; 65% are from Mexico.

SOURCES: Congressional Research Service; Pew Hispanic Center; Public Policy Institute of California

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